Saturday, March 30, 2013

Ungulates



By Julie Rahm
     Cattle are the most common type of large domesticated hoofed animals, or ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae. Cattle are raised for meat, dairy, and as draft animals. About 10,500 years ago in southeast Turkey, eighty cattle were first domesticated resulting in an estimated 1.3 billion cattle in the world today. Here are a few quick notes on cow terminology. Thank you 4H Club!
     A cow is an adult female that has had a calf. Calves are the young cattle of either sex. When weaned, the calves become weaners. When weaners become a year old, they become feeder calves or simply feeders. After that, feeders between one and two years of age are yearlings. Heifers are females, less than three years old, without calves. Occasionally, a young female with only one calf is called a first-calf heifer. A springer is a cow or heifer close to calving. My husband, John, says he has dated a few heifers, which leads me to my next point. Castrated males are called steers. “Intact” adult males are bulls. In Australia, if called a “micky”, you are a wild, young unmarked (unbranded) bull. And, bulls are not enraged by the color red. In fact, cattle are red-green color blind. The use of red capes for bullfighting fostered the myth. It is the movement of the fabric that irritates the bull and incites it to charge. Are you still with me?
     Despite what we learned in elementary school, cattle only have one stomach with four compartments. Cattle use indigestible foods by regurgitating and re-chewing as "cud". The cud is then re-swallowed and further digested. In this way cattle can decompose cellulose and other carbohydrates into fatty acids for use as their primary fuel. This ability allows cattle to thrive on grasses and other vegetation.
     So, I tell you about cows and cattle in order to tell you this. Your thoughts are like cattle in a pasture. Your mind is the fence that keeps the cattle contained. Often, our minds are not our friends. Too often, our mind does a poor job containing our unproductive or unhealthy thoughts. The fence breaks down, the cattle escape and unhealthy thoughts start to take control. If allowed, your mind can release a stampede of unproductive thinking that can ruin your day.
     For example, I had one coaching client who was pre-disposed to misperception and misinterpretation. Her mind would allow her “cattle thoughts” to break loose and stampede out of the pasture. Sadly, her misperception created personal turmoil and artificial challenges. To further the example, if her husband was late, he might be having an affair or might be in an automobile accident! This client needed a round-up to get the cattle back in the pasture and some insight to realize her mind was doing a poor a job at controlling her negative thoughts.  My point is that insight is the key. To develop your insight, join me at http://www.Facebook.com/ReliefWithJulie. 

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